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KMDI Speaker Series – Design Constraints of Driving: Communication and Entertainment vs Distraction and Mortality
Tue, March 7, 2017 @ 4:00 pm - 5:30 pm
This event is jointly sponsored by KMDI and the Human Factors Interest Group (HFIG)
Guest Speaker: Professor Jeff K. Caird, University of Calgary
Driving is an orchestration of many different tasks performed to achieve specific and general travel goals, but also interleaved with other every day activities. A number of design constraints are imposed by fundamental visual, auditory, attention, cognitive and physical limitations of drivers. The design of novel and familiar communication and entertainment systems that are used by drivers requires the consideration of human limitations and the outcomes of acute and chronic interaction with these systems on distraction and traffic safety. Talking on smartphones, with passengers, with voice-recognition systems, texting, and interacting with music and social media are systematically analyzed with respect to these design trade-offs. Evidence from naturalistic studies, driving simulation, self report and observational methods is critiqued and synthesized.
About the speaker
Jeff K. Caird is a Professor in the Department of Psychology and an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Community Health Sciences at the University of Calgary. In 1994, he received his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota. He has co-edited four books on human-machine systems, including the Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering, Medicine and Psychology (2011) and the Handbook of Teen and Novice Drivers: Research, Practice, Policy and Directions (2017). He was the co-leader of the Convergent Evidence from Naturalistic, Epidemiological and Simulation Data (CENSED) Network that was part of the AUTO21 Network of Centres of Excellence (NCE). He is lead of the Healthcare Human Factors and Simulation Laboratory, which is in the W21C Research and Innovation Centre (www.w21c.org) and is affiliated with the O’Brien Institute of Public Health in the Cumming School of Medicine. His broad areas of research are in transportation and health care human factors. Integral research and translation goals include the design of devices, environments and systems that reduce injuries and fatalities and improve the quality of life.